This article gives a brief definition of media as “Media refers to a class of instructional resources and representing all aspects of the mediation of instruction through the agency of reproducible events. It includes the materials themselves, the instruments used to deliver the materials to learners and the techniques or methods employed. (Allen 1)”

The three goals of media research are obtain knowledge about effectiveness of media in education as it relates to a particular medium, the relationships between the media, technology & learner, and the impact on the learner, and finally, improving instruction via technology tools.